Chinese language is an unfamiliar territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 keywords and phrases. Not only that, Chinese is yet another tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, and whenever unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available possess PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or valid. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Finally tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, there are many similar sounds with assorted meanings. As a a couple of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it isn't always possible to guess the pronunciation of a role. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, can be composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation simply can't be related, the concise explaination the characters can potentially. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings aren't necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the same way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds with regard to u with an umlaut () that sounds like a compounding of I and u. Like as much as possible unfamiliar, it might lead to uncertainty and are worried. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the first step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language success.
The Strategies Used to Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah Expenses hikes conducted a hunt amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Chinese language learners and uncovered interesting results may help future learners in forming a highly effective study plan. Her study revolves surrounding the most used Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners' ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing in the Chinese emails.
The study finds that among finest twenty most regularly used strategies, eight pros are related to when a personality is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how to say hi in mandarin the is implemented in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the letter.
7. Learning the explanation of the.
8. Associating the character with previously learned design.
The next six strategies are familiar with increase learners' understanding of the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding an equivalent.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if brand new character already been used a long time ago.
12. Trying to discover how these kinds of used in conversation.
13. Utilizing the character in sentences orally.
14. Asking how the character could double in words.
However, learning strategies start to diminish beyond those two learning periods. There are only three strategies used in memorising newly learned temperament.
15. Saying and writing the character at one time.
16. Saying and picturing the character in mindset.
17. Due to sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And presently there only one strategy for the practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed truly worth two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many times.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four tend to be found to be most significant in increasing learner's skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the characters. The four strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making connection to a similar character
Saying and writing the character repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of what ever learned from what they read, 26% from the things they hear, and 30% from what they see. When learning modes are combined, a primary improvement in learning retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students repeat the materials they are learning, and learning retention is in the highest at 90% when students repeat the materials usually are learning though they do anything. Simply reading the characters are not enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, make a connection is not characters come up with them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study signifies that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces understanding the concepts of. One way allow your this will be by using an app such as The Intelligent Flashcards. This particular flashcard app is manufactured for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient evaluation characters based on chapters. Not only does it show stroke order animation, it can be accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app a great dea of more convenient that another app regarding example Anki. With Anki, although user can also add personal notes on it, the sound file isn't available and should be imported through another app.
Another important learning strategy to incorporate is observing your characters tend to be in context. This can do by observing real-life conversations to grow the textbook and audio files conversation. Usually interesting to notice that learners studied in the abovementioned research were reluctant to adopt the training strategies recommended by the instructors, for instance watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese songs. There could be many reasons for this. Design and style of the shows or songs could not appeal for the learners.
Use of this program is not only convenient. And even if the shows could possibly be accessed online, rarely is it subtitled in both Chinese and English which will make the shows more necessary to beginner learners in having the language. Also, most from the very popular Chinese Television fall in the historical genre, which is really a favourite one of several Chinese, such as The Empress of Cina. However, the language spoken in this type of TV show is good deal more complex than the contemporary spoken Chinese.